Bitcoin: Market Value to Realized Value Ratio (MVRV)

BTC News #35

The next two newsletters this week will cover two metrics that are starting to reach levels that could indicate a Bitcoin cycle top is near. Today, we will look at MVRV Ratio.

If you’re a frequent reader of this newsletter then you’re already familiar with Realized Cap. If you’re new then I suggest reading our article on Realized Cap. I will give a brief description in order to better explain MVRV.

When calculating the value of a market like Bitcoin, most investors will use Market Cap which is the current price multiplied by the current supply. However, this metric doesn’t necessarily capture the fair value of the market due to periods of extreme euphoria and periods of extreme fear. Realized Cap was created to give a more accurate fair value of the Bitcoin market by taking into account lost coins and coins used for hodling.

Realized Cap uses UTXO’s to calculate the value of the market. A UTXO values each Bitcoin at the price when it was last moved. For example, if I send 1 Bitcoin to another address when the price is $40,000, even if the price goes up to $50,000 the realized value of that Bitcoin is still $40,000 until it gets moved again. Many top Bitcoin investors have accepted this to be a better way to value the Bitcoin market.

The MVRV Ratio is essentially the Market Cap to Realized Cap ratio. During periods of greed and euphoria the MVRV Ratio increases as a mass of new entrants come into the market and buy Bitcoin based on hype. This drives up the Market Cap significantly in comparison to Realized Cap. According to David Puell in his article about MVRV, during bull cycles an MVRV Ratio above 3.7 is close to the peak of the cycle and in bear cycles an MVRV Ratio of around 1 is close to the price bottom.

As you can see, we’re currently hovering around the 3.7 area which is definitely something we need to keep in mind. However, going deeper into the metric there still appears to be more room for the Bitcoin price to move.

In comes the MVRV Z-Score which uses the MVRV Ratio to find overvalued and undervalued markets by also taking into account the market cap standard deviation.

Similar to other metrics we have looked at, MVRV Z-Score gives us a red zone and green zone for sell and buy areas respectively. We’re about to reach the red-zone of this metric however if we look at the past bull cycles we can see that this metric went well above the red zone as Bitcoin hit its last parabolic ascent.

We’re at a very interesting and stressful time in the Bitcoin bull cycle. The price has made an incredible run. However, we must ask ourselves if Bitcoin has made that last parabolic move that usually tops out bull cycles. It’s definitely getting close but there could still be a lot more in the tank for BTC!


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Nothing in this article is investment advice. I’m not a financial advisor. Do not make investment decisions based on what is in this article or any other article written by BTC News or Blockedia.